One essential factor you need to consider before setting off to travel anywhere is whether you’ve taken sufficient vaccinations to protect your baby and your body from foreign germs and diseases. With Asia, vaccinations preceding your trip becomes mandatory for countries in the Asian continent often maintain a significant inflow of tourism and sometimes encounter epidemics of certain diseases. Because of this, you are at risk to catch something brought on from either an unhealthy tourist or an affected local.
Some vaccinations that are required for your travel to Asia often require doses given in a period of few months, meaning that you will need to pre-plan your travel and have yourself medically checked out ahead of time. If you’re insured for vaccinations and medical consultation, it is best that you book a trip to a medical professional and ask for more information on what you might need. However, for most, the vaccinations to travel to Asia include the typical vaccines as well as other specific ones, such as Hepatitis A and Typhoid.
List below are some vaccinations you or your baby will most definitely need on your trip to Asia. Consult your pediatrician and doctor prior to you or your child getting any of these as some of these vaccinations are routine childhood vaccinations that are administered at specific ages and so your child might already have received some of these vaccinations:
1. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is an infectious disease which has a high rate of prevalence among Asian countries, typically the Southeast areas. This disease is typically acquired through the consumption of contaminated food and water, and therefore will be commoner in those countries suffering from poor sanitation and hygiene. Those who are infected by Hepatitis A will find themselves in a state of nausea and frailness, while also suffering from fever and jaundice. The Hepatitis A vaccine is readily available in hospitals and medical centres and do need require prolonged period of dosages. In fact, the vaccine is only injected once and will provide you protection against the disease for about 20 years. Furthermore, you do not need to get yourself vaccinated ahead of time if you are in perfect health for it can be taken right before your departure, but the optimal time to take the injection is 2 weeks before you visit a potentially affected country.
2. Hepatitis B
If you’re in Thailand, you might be tempted to get yourself a tattoo or if you’re injured somewhere in Asia, you might require stitches. While these instances seem normal and even plausible, it can also set you at risk of an infection for Hepatitis B. This viral infection is usually transmitted through an exposure to bodily fluids and can be acquired through a penetration of unclean needles or unprotected sex, and the disease itself can result in liver failure which often leads to death. Unlike the Hepatitis A vaccine, the Hepatitis B vaccination requires a longer period of dosage, typically six months. However, if you’re taking Hepatitis A vaccine ahead of your trip, you can ask for a combined vaccination for both Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B, which is optimal to save you from both time and visitations to your local medical centre.
Most of the developing or underdeveloped nations of Asia have poor hygiene and sanitation rates. This makes it a hub of all harmful diseases, and typhoid is one of many that are prevalent in such areas. This bacterial infection can turn fatal if not treated in time, but during the period of infection, one will suffer from high fever, vomiting and diarrhoea. If you plan on vacationing in areas with poor sanitation, it is best that you get yourself a typhoid vaccination through either a single injection taken a month before your travel or with oral capsules. These oral capsules should be consumed 4 times every day for a week before you travel and only based on your doctor’s orders.
4. Routine Vaccinations
Before you travel to Asia, it is best that you keep yourself up to date on your routine vaccinations. These would include vaccines such as those for tetanus, diphtheria, polio, measles, mumps and rubella. Tetanus is a bacterium that can be acquired through soil, saliva, dust and animal defecation, and therefore is common in dusty countries with a high density of animals, such as India. Diphtheria is a contagious infection that can be acquired through sneezing and touching or sharing used cups and tissues. Similarly, polio is another infectious disease that can affect most children, where the consequences typically include paralysis of the body. Tetanus, diphtheria and polio vaccinations are usually given altogether, just as the vaccination for measles, mumps and rubella. You do not need additional dosage of the vaccine if you’ve already had it as a kid, but it is still best to check yourself out in case you didn’t. However, if you did have the vaccination during childhood but require it again, it is perfectly alright and completely safe to get it done once more.